Chemical Burn - A chemical burn occurs when the skin is in contact with strong acids or alkaloids. The chemical will continue to burn its way through the skin and deeper layers until it is washed away. It is important to wash the chemical off the skin as soon as possible and remove clothing and jewelry that may have the chemical on it. Examples of household chemicals that can cause burns include bleach, paint thinner, and plumbing products such as Drano or Liquid Plumber. Chemical burns can also occur in the workplace.
Electrical Burn – An electrical burn can occur when a current jumps from an electrical outlet, cord or appliance and passes through your body. The electricity can burn the skin and may also cause internal damage. There are a number of ways in which someone can get an electrical burn. The leading causes are sticking a knife into a plugged-in toaster, dropping a plugged-in appliance into water, sucking or chewing on an electrical cord, and sticking something into an electrical outlet.
Scald Burn - Scald Burns are injuries caused by hot liquids or steam. Hot liquids, not fire, are the most common cause of burns to young children. Hot water can quickly cause serious, painful scald burns.
Thermal burn - Thermal burns are caused by contact with flames, steam, hot liquids, or hot objects. An example would be a burn on a curling iron. Although many thermal burns occur at home, they are also common with roofers and construction workers, when they come into contact with tar and asphalt.
In addition to the scarring itself, a burn survivor may suffer from any or all of the following:
- Physical and emotional trauma
- An injury that leaves one in pain
- Organ damage
- Body chemistry damage
- Sensitivity to temperature change
There are many factors to consider when someone suffers a burn injury, such as the source of the burn, its location, degree of burn, the victim’s medical history, and the age of the victim. Some burn injuries can threaten the respiratory, circulatory, and nervous systems, as well. Burn injury victims sometimes experience emotional and psychological trauma as well. Another major concern after serious burn injuries is shock.
Keloid Scar – A keloid scar is when there is an overgrowth of scar tissue. These scars are typically red or pink and become a dark tan over time. Keloid scars are thick, nodular, ridged and itchy as they form and grow. Large keloids can limit your mobility. In addition, clothing rubbing or other types of friction may irritate them.
Hypertrophic Scar - Hypertrophic scars are red, thick and raised, however they are different from Keloid scars because they do not develop beyond the site of injury or incision. Also, hypertrophic scars will improve over time.
Contractures - A contracture scar is a permanent tightening of skin and may affect the muscles and tendons that limit movement and could damage the nerves. Contractures develop when normal elastic connective tissue is replaced with tough fibrous tissue. This makes the tissue resistant to stretching and prevents normal movement of the affected area.